辽阳 is a Research Professor at the Institute of Ethnology & Anthropology, 社会科学的中国社科院, China. She received her B.S. from Peking University, and her M.A. and Ph.D. from the Central Academy of Fine Arts, China with a dissertation entitled “Studies on the Chronology of Kizil Wall Paintings.” She conducted field investigations of many Buddhist cave temples and monasteries in Inner China, Chinese Turkestan and Tibet. In recent years, she has devoted herself 至 the iconological studies on the Buddhist pantheon during the 11th-15th centuries reflected by visual art remains, especially the process of reconstruction in the context of cultural communications between different regions and peoples.